Blood cancer causes and treatment

Blood cancer causes and treatment

 

 

Blood cancer causes and treatment
Blood cancer causes and treatment

Blood cancer is a term used to describe several cancers affecting the blood and bone marrow. The most common types of blood cancer are leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

1) Leukemia : This type of cancer occurs when the white blood cells in your body become abnormal and start multiplying uncontrollably.

Blood cancer causes and treatment
Blood cancer causes and treatment

What is leukemia?

Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow. It’s caused by the abnormal growth and spread of blood cells. There are many types of leukemia, but all share some common characteristics: they all involve an abnormal production of white blood cells, which are responsible for fighting infection.

How does leukemia affect the body?

In general, leukemia causes anemia (low red blood cell count). It also produces too many immature or abnormal white blood cells, which can crowd out healthy white blood cells and cause infections that are hard to treat.

What are the symptoms of leukemia?

The symptoms will vary depending on the type of leukemia you have and how advanced it is in its development.

Some symptoms may include fatigue or loss of energy; feeling chilled or having a fever; feeling pale or flushed; bleeding easily; bruising easily; bleeding gums; swollen lymph nodes in neck or groin region; rapid heartbeat (tachycardia); shortness of breath (dyspnea).

frequent infections such as pneumonia or UTIs (urinary tract infections); weight loss that isn’t due to dieting; nausea/vomiting/diarrhea (may indicate anemia); easy bruising/bleeding

2) Lymphoma: This type of cancer occurs when lymphocytes in your bone marrow become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably.

Blood cancer causes and treatment
Blood cancer causes and treatment

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, which is responsible for carrying fluids and immune cells. The lymphatic system includes the spleen and lymph nodes, as well as lymphatic vessels (the thin tubes that carry lymph).

There are many different types of lymphoma; some are more common than others. These include:

– Hodgkin’s disease (also called Hodgkin’s lymphoma) — this type is more common in young adults and men, and it grows quickly. It’s also more likely to spread to other parts of your body, like the liver or lungs.

– Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) — this type includes different subtypes that grow slowly or quickly, depending on the subtype. NHL can affect anyone at any age, but it most often affects older adults. 

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3) Myeloma: This type of cancer occurs when plasma cells in your bone marrow become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably.

Blood cancer causes and treatment
Blood cancer causes and treatment

Myeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells, which are white blood cells that make antibodies. Myeloma causes the production of abnormal antibodies and results in high blood counts.

Myelomas can be divided into three types:

Multiple myeloma: This is caused by the proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow, causing an increase in the number of white blood cells formed by the bone marrow. It is more likely to occur in people who are over 50 years old and it affects men more than women.

Plasma cell leukemia: This involves a change in cells from plasma to leukemia; this means that it spreads throughout your body and can cause problems with your kidneys, liver and other organs. It’s also more likely to occur at an earlier age than multiple myeloma (under 50 years old).

Plasmacytoma: This is when there are small tumors made up of plasma cells growing in your bones or joints; these tumors can be removed surgically before they spread through your body.

4) Acute myeloid leukemia (AML):

Blood cancer causes and treatment
Blood cancer causes and treatment

This type of leukemia is characterized by an abnormal increase in immature white blood cells called promyelocytes. These immature white blood cells crowd out healthy cells in the bone marrow, which results in anemia and infection due to a lack of normal white blood cells (neutrophils).

AML can also cause damage to other organs such as the kidneys due to excessive bleeding from damaged capillaries (tiny blood vessels).

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow. It’s characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal white blood cells called myeloblasts.

In most cases, AML develops in a person’s bone marrow but can also develop in the lymph nodes and spleen. These types of AML are called “extramedullary.”

Some people with AML have no symptoms at first. When symptoms do appear, they may include fever, anemia, weakness, fatigue, easy bleeding or bruising, frequent infections, and feeling full after eating only a small amount of food (nausea).

5) Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL):

Blood cancer causes and treatment
Blood cancer causes and treatment

ALL is characterized by an increase in immature white blood cells

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer of the white blood cells. It’s usually found in children and young adults. It’s considered one of the most common types of pediatric cancers.

The disease can affect any part of the body but most often affects the lymph nodes, bone marrow, or spleen. If it spreads to other parts of the body, it may be called advanced stage or systemic ALL.

The cause of ALL is unknown. It could be due to genetic factors or environmental exposures such as viruses or chemicals.

Signs and symptoms may include:

-Fever with no known cause

-Fatigue and weakness that lasts for more than one week

-Loss of appetite and weight loss (without dieting), especially if you’re an adolescent male (about three times more likely than normal)

-Headache or neck pain

.Treatment

Blood cancer causes and treatment
Blood cancer causes and treatment

Blood cancer, or leukemia, is a type of cancer that affects the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. In some cases, the blood-forming cells become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably. In other cases, they don’t multiply but produce abnormal cells instead.

The most common types of leukemia are acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

There are many different treatments available for people with blood cancers. Depending on your specific diagnosis, these may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation, targeted therapies such as monoclonal antibodies or small molecules to target specific abnormalities in your cancer cells, or immunotherapy – where immune system cells are removed from your body and engineered to attack your cancer cells.

 

 

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